A web browser is a software application that allows users to access and view web pages on the internet. Web browsers provide a graphical user interface for users to navigate and interact with web pages, including the ability to enter website addresses (URLs) and search for information on the internet.
Web browsers use a protocol called HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) to communicate with web servers and retrieve web pages. When a user enters a website address into a web browser, the browser sends an HTTP request to the web server hosting the website. The web server then responds with the requested web page, which is displayed on the user’s screen in the web browser.
There are several popular web browsers available, including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Microsoft Edge, and Opera. Each web browser has its own features, strengths, and weaknesses, and users can choose the one that best suits their needs and preferences.
Web browsers have become an essential tool for accessing information, communication, and conducting various online activities, including shopping, banking, entertainment, and social media. As such, they have become a prime target for cyber attacks, and browser developers have implemented various security features, such as encryption, pop-up blockers, and phishing protection, to protect users’ privacy and security.